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  The below tips work for most major search engines.

Be Specific

  •  The more specific your search is, the more likely you
    will find what you want. Don't be afraid to tell a search
    engine exactly what you are looking for.

  •  For example, if you want information about Windows 8
    bugs, search for "Windows 8 bugs," not just "Windows."
    Or even better, search for exactly what the problem is,
    for example. "I can't install a USB device in Windows 8." 
    You'll be surprised at how often this works.

Using The + Symbol to Add

  •  Sometimes, you want to make sure that a search engine
    finds pages that have all the words you enter, not just
    some of them. The + symbol lets you do this.

  •  For example, imagine you want to find pages that have
    references to both lions and tigers on the same page.
    You could search this way: +lions +tigers.   Only pages that
    contain both words would appear in your results.

  •  Here are some other examples:
         +windows +7 +bugs would find pages that have all
    three of the words on them. Helpful if you wanted to
    narrow down a search to Windows 7 bugs, rather than
    on Windows 7  in general.
         +star +trek +insurrection would get you pages about
    Star Trek that also specifically mention "Insurrection,"
    the title of a Star Trek film.

  •  The + symbol is especially helpful when you do a
    search and then find yourself overwhelmed with
    information.  Imagine that you wanted to reserve a
    camping space in California's Yosemite National Park.
    You might start out simply searching with the word
    Yosemite.  If so, chances are, you'll probably get too
    many off-target results. Instead, try searching for all
    the words you want to appear, for example,
    +Yosemite +camping +reservations.

Using The - Symbol to Subtract

  •  Sometimes, you want a search engine to find pages
    that have one word on them but not another word.
    The - symbol lets you do this.

  •  For example, imagine you want information about lions
    but don't want to be overwhelmed by pages relating to
    tigers. You should search this way:  lions -tigers.  That tells
    the search engine to find pages that mention "lions" and
    then to remove any of them that also mention "tigers."

  •  Similarly, perhaps you are looking for information
    specifically about Windows 8 but keep getting pages
    about Windows 7 or Windows XP. You could eliminate
    them with a search like this:  windows -7 -

  •  Perhaps you are a fan of the original Star Trek series
    but instead keep finding pages about Voyager, Deep Space
    Nine or Star Trek: The Next Generation. Try a search like
    this:  star trek -voyager -deep -space -nine -next -generation

  •  In general, the - symbol is helpful for focusing results
    when you get too many that are unrelated to your topic.
    Simply begin subtracting terms you know are not of
    interest, and you should get better results.

Using Quotation Marks To Multiply

  •  Now that you know how to add and subtract terms,
    we can move on to multiplication. As in normal math,
    multiplying terms through a "phrase search" can be a
    much better way to get the answers you are looking for.

  •  For example, remember above when we wanted pages
    about reserving a campsite in Yosemite? We entered all the
    terms like this: +Yosemite +camping +reservations

  •  That brings back pages that have all those words on
    them, but there's no guarantee that the words may
    necessarily be near each other. You could get a page that
    mentions Yosemite in the opening paragraph but then
    later talks about getting camping reservations in the
    Grand Canyon. All the words you added together would
    appear on this page, but it still might not be what you are
    looking for.

  •  Doing a phrase search avoids this problem. This is where
    you tell a search engine to give you pages where the terms
    appear in exactly the order you specify. You do this by
    putting quotation marks around the phrase, like this:
    "Yosemite camping reservations"

  •  Now, only pages that have all the words and in the exact
    order shown above will be listed. The answers should be
    much more on target than with simple addition.

  •  Likewise, remember this addition example?
    +windows +XP +bugs.  As you can imagine, multiplying the
    terms together within a phrase search would work better,
    because that exact phrase probably appears on good pages
    dealing with Windows 98 bugs. 
    So try this: "windows 98 bugs".

  •  Remember the search for information about the latest
    Star Trek movie? We could transform that into a phrase
    search like this: " Star Trek Insurrection".
    But the movie's title actually has a colon after the
    word "trek," and many pages might also follow this format.
    Thus, a better phrase search might be:
    "Star Trek: Insurrection"

Combining Symbols

  •  Once you've mastered adding, subtracting and
    multiplying, you can combine symbols to easily create
    targeted searches.  For example, remember the person
    who wanted pages only about Star Trek's original series?

  •  We searched this way:
    star trek -voyager -deep -space -nine -next -generation.  
    A better search might use subtraction and multiplication:
    "star trek" -voyager -"deep space nine" -"next generation"